Cincinnati, Ohio-based physician Dr. Naveed Fazlani says that sleep apnea affects around a quarter of the population of US adults. There is good news, however, as sleep apnea is a treatable condition. If it is suspected that a patient has sleep apnea their physician may request that a sleep study be performed, says Dr. Naveed Fazlani. Sleep studies are generally performed in a clinical environment, with the patient hooked up to a series of machines. At the conclusion of the study, a group of specialists will evaluate the results and determine if sleep apnea is actually the issue.
Options available for the treatment of sleep apnea include a machine called a CPAP, which is essentially a mask that forces air through the nasal passageways and helps the patient breathe through the night. There are also dental devices available which help the patient breathe easier. Dr. Naveed Fazlani says that extreme cases of sleep apnea may require surgery, but cautions that with a less-than-50% success rate, this should only be considered as a final option.